Objective 2: Ensure cash is routinely considered, alongside other tools Cash is being considered more systematically by decision makers There remain common constraints to the systematic adoption of CTP Practitioners agree that in the last 12 months, cash and vouchers have Perceived risks of misappropriation and leakage 87% been more systematically considered as a response modality ▪ Sensitivities can be higher for cash than in-kind. Donor risk appetite is important to build confidence. Further evidence is needed on effective Change is gradual, and is driven by several factors safeguards in conflict-affected areas. a. Policy and strategy commitments by senior decision makers Lackofcapacity ▪ Programme teams need to be ‘cash ready’ – in terms of expertise, b. Decision making tools – embedding tools for cash feasibility, market and systems andprocesses - to be able to translate CTP interest into action response analysis within project management processes and teams Sectoral mandates c. Institutional investment in systems and processes, staff and expertise ▪ Sectoral concerns regarding CTP are CTP tools and processes are becoming more embedded, but there are generally about ensuring effective programming in terms of sector- issues to address specific outcomes Organizations do not agree that market and response analysis have Fundingprocesses 48% become more embedded within humanitarian response ▪ There is uncertainty about the implications of increased funding Issues with the use of Response Analysis and Market Analysis for CTP, particularly MPGs, for They are undertaken inconsistently within and between organizations sector-specific funding. Response analysis is not generally revisited during implementation Lack of multi-sector assessments ▪ Multi-sectoral response analysis is considered to be an important ‘next Market analysis capacity not embedded within agencies at country level step’ by many. Challenges to date include issues of cross-sectoral Common market assessment tools are not a good match for the specificities coordination and engagement. A ‘basic needs’ approach might support of service markets better cross-sectoral integration, but further testing in practice is required Source: State of the World’s Cash Research, CaLPand Accenture Research Copyright © CaLPand Accenture 2017. All rights reserved

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